The Heckler continues to find out about local and national campaigns and social-change groups, this time interviewing a member of the Bristol branch of the workers union, the Industrial Workers of the World (or Wobblies).
Heckler: Could you briefly explain what the Industrial Workers of the World is, what you aim to achieve and how you go about this?
Wow, that is a big question, which could take many a branch meeting to discuss. The IWW is a workers union, which organises across all trades and industries, and is open to all workers and unemployed people. It is a member-led union, with the ethos of true democracy and solidarity at the heart of it. In my opinion, we are opposed to wage labour, and hope to build a new society in the structure of the old. As a syndicalist union, we want to take control of the modes of production, and organise ourselves as workers. We should enjoy the profits of our labour, whilst ensuring that nobody goes without. It is a completely different way of thinking about how we live and work together. Profit is a complete irrelevance to us, and we would work for the common good. To be fair, we are miles away, and our main role at present is organising our class, mainly through workplace organising, fighting for workers rights and education. One of the major positives of the IWW, is that it is ours as member, and up to us to do the work. With that responsibility comes ownership, and we would decide collectively as to the best way forward.
Heckler: You say it’s the union for all workers, so it’s not just about factory workers as the name might suggest?
Good point comrade, the name is a bit disceptive. We were formed in 1905, right in the middle of Fordism. Most of our class worked in massive factories, or farms. It was far easier to collectively organise, it could be argued. Now, we have members in many different occupations, and the IWW, prides itself on helping those who do not normally get trade union support, like sex workers, charity callers, and cleaners. This also includes those who work cash in hand.
Heckler: How is the IWW different from other mainstream unions?
We are different in many ways, but our organisation does not require paid officials. As a dual carder (a member of a mainstream trade union) I find trade unions held back by paid officials. Their interests are differnet from the rank and file members. Also they “service” the membership. The IWW encourages the membership to be active. We all have ownership of our branch. Also we have officers under instant recall, therefore if they do not work for members interests they can be removed.
Heckler: Judging by a quick internet search, the IWW has a long and colourful history. Could you explain it’s roots and shed some light on some of the union’s past?
The roots stretch back to the USA. Personally I am proud of the anarchist roots, some would disagree. The IWW most recognisable catch phrase, if you like, is ‘an injury to one is an injury to all.’ Anyone who was not an employer could join. This included black people, women and the unemployed. As distasteful as this is, this was not the case in all trade unions, who at times progressed an open racist or sexist agenda, and membership. The IWW recognised early about the issues of our class, and gender etc are barriers constructed by those who wish to keep us apart.
IWW also celebrate direct action, because it gets the goods. The strikes that they organised and engaged with were member led, and the violence of the employers was matched. Also I like the way they engage with issues that might not be seen as main stream trade union issues. The free speech movement for example. The IWW in Britain are just about to engage in the ‘right to march’ struggle in Scotland. This is not work based, or determined by a single trade. But if we cannot voice our opinion or march in solidarity, we are truly fucked.
IWW rally in New York, 1914
Heckler: How active is the IWW in this country, and what campaigns is the union involved in?
The IWW is growing daily, as people turn away for the main stream TU’s and political parties, who have let us down time and time again. We support any campaign the membership builds. A recent victory was the John Lewis cleaners in London. These were low paid, without proper contractual status, many did not speak English. Many main stream trade unions would not approach this group. Not only did the IWW secure better terms and conditions, but we have influenced the whole attitude towards this work group, and many other cleaners are getting active, and standing up for themselves. In Bristol, the IWW are active in the anti-cuts campaign, and have just supported the national Pizza Hut campaign, but we need focus. The Pizza Hut campaign is another benefit of the IWW. This dispute started in Sheffield. Within a month restaurants in a number of cities were picketed, and Sheffield members got their pay increase. It was a freezing snowy winter day; and every time the picket was breeched, we got a whiff of pizza up our hungry noses. But nobady said that the class struggle was easy.
IWW Cleaners’ Branch members on a recent strike at John Lewis’ store at Oxford Street, London
Heckler: Last but not least, who should join the IWW and why? (And if you want to, how do you go about it?)
All workers should join the IWW, and shout ‘an injury to one, is an injury to all.’ We need to start to thinking differently about our relationship with capitalism, and our communities. This system has had it. The Con-Dem government are in the process of dismantling the welfare state. This will effect everyone. Also we have the worst employment rights in Europe, and they are getting worse. We create all the wealth, food, services etc etc. We need to start organising how we do this, and for what purpose. None of us need to be working 30+ hours a week. That is stupid, we have far better things to be doing. But this change is not going to happen in the very near future, and will take struggle.
However, whilst I have been in the IWW I have met some of the best comrades you could hope for. They give me hope, a solid network of people willing to stand up for each other and organise for themselves in the workplace and beyond, and their comradeship makes me happy. This is important, and is a start for building a new society in the shell of the old.
If you want to join, please see the links below. If you live in or around Bristol, pop into the Hydra Bookshop at 34a Old Market. We also have regular meetings at the shop. If you look hard enough, you will find us.
For more information or to join the IWW you can visit:
Bristol IWW blog : http://bristoliww.org.uk
UK IWW website: http://iww.org.uk
International IWW website : http://iww.org
*The Heckler previously interviewed a Hunt Saboteur in our ‘An interview with…’ series.
**The views represented in this interview are those of the individual interviewed and not necessarily those of IWW as a whole.